Fauna Palaestina

Fauna Palaestina - Part Four (ISBN 978-9950-383-77-7). By: Prof. Dr. Norman Ali Bassam Khalaf-von Jaffa

Fauna Palaestina - Part Four

Fauna Palaestina – Part Four. Zoological Studies in Palestine between 1983 – 2014 / Fauna Palaestina - Teil Vier. Zoologische Studien in Palästina zwischen 1983 – 2014.


By: Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa.


ISBN 978-9950-383-77-7. 


Erste Auflage / First Edition : July 2014, Ramadan 1435 H.

456 Pages (378 English Pages and 78 Arabic Pages)

Publisher: Dar Al Jundi Publishing House, Al Quds (Jerusalem), State of Palestine.             


Website: http://fauna-palaestina-part-1.webs.com/faunapalaestina4.htm


Author Email: Jaffacity@yahoo.de

Author Tel. (Palestine): 00970-52-4170202


English / German Cover: A Cheetah at the Emirates Park Zoo, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates on 16.05.2014.                               

Photograph by Mrs. Ola Mostafa Khalaf, Dubai, U.A.E.

Cover Design / Umschlaggestaltung: Mrs. Ola Mostafa Khalaf, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Printed and bound in Al Quds (Jerusalem), State of Palestine

Contents (English Part)


About the Author: A Palestinian-German Zoologist

Checklist of the Family Scarabaeidae (Scarab Beetles) from Palestine

Family Coccinellidae (Ladybird Beetles) in Palestine

Freshwater Fishes in Palestine 

Garra rufa wadiqana Khalaf, 2013 : A New Freshwater Doctor Fish Subspecies from Wadi Qana Nature Reserve, Salfit Governorate, State of Palestine

Macropomoides palaestina Khalaf, 2013 : A New Coelacanth Fish Fossil Species from the Anthracothere Hill in Al-Naqab, Palestine

The Ceratosaur Dinosaur Elaphrosaurus bambergi Janensch, 1920 Tracks from Beit Zeit, West of Al-Quds (Jerusalem), Occupied Palestine 

Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta Linnaeus, 1758) Nesting in Palestine

The Bycatch of a Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta Linnaeus, 1758) in a fishing net on the Gaza Coast, Gaza, State of Palestine

Records of Dead Loggerhead Sea Turtles (Caretta caretta Linnaeus, 1758) washed up on the Jaffa Beach, Occupied Palestine between 2010 – 2013

Killing Incidents of Wild Animals in the State of Palestine in 2013

Mus musculus gazaensis Khalaf, 2007 : A New House Mouse Subspecies from the Gaza Strip, Palestine

The Dorcas Gazelle (Gazella dorcas Linnaeus, 1758)

Canis aureus palaestina Khalaf, 2008 : A New Golden Jackal Subspecies from the Gaza Strip, Palestine

The Wolf (Canis lupus) in Palestine

The Two Wolf Subspecies (Canis lupus arabs Pocock, 1934) and (Canis lupus pallipes Sykes, 1831) in Palestine

Contents (Arabic Part)

Al-Muqadima (Preface)

The Persian Badger (Meles meles canescens Blanford, 1875) in Palestine and the Arabian Peninsula 

Dinosaurs of Al-Quds (Jerusalem), Occupied Palestine

Dr. Norman Ali Khalaf Award for Biodiversity in Palestine 2012 / 2013 : Essay and Photography Contest of the Palestine Sunbird (Cinnyris osea Bonaparte, 1856



Packed into Palestine's small area are snow-covered mountains, parched deserts, fertile fields, lush woodlands and long stretches of sand dunes. No less than four different geographical zones are included in Palestine, and the country's climate ranges from semi-arid to temperate to subtropical.

All of this makes Palestine home to a stunning variety of plants and animals. Some 47,000 living species have been identified in Palestine, with another 4,000 assumed to exist. There are 116 species of mammals native to Palestine, 511 kinds of birds, 97 types of reptiles and nine types of amphibians. Some 2,780 types of plants grow countrywide, from Alpine flowers on northern mountain slopes to bright red coral peonies and desert papyrus reeds in the south.

My first published scientific article goes back to January 1980, when I was still a student in the Zoology Department at Kuwait University, State of Kuwait. The article was about "The Colouration of Animals".

I was especially interested in the Arabian Wildlife, and in particular, in my Homeland Palestine. My first zoological article about the Palestinian Fauna dates back to February 1983. The article was entitled "The Badger in Palestine and the Arabian Peninsula", and was published in the Palestinian "Al Khalisah" Bulletin, Kuwait University.            
Since that time, I had published many scientific articles in different scientific books, magazines and bulletins, and established my own Palestinian Biological Bulletin. In July 1983, "Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin" was created. It was the First Palestinian Scientific Journal Worldwide (ISSN 0178 – 6288).          
My first zoological article in "Gazelle" was about "Order Lagomorpha in Palestine". Till now 124 "Gazelle" Issues were published; and many of my articles were about Palestinian Animals.   

Finally, and after more than 35 years in Zoological research and studies, in Palestine and many Arabic and European countries, and after publishing many scientific articles in different scientific books,  magazines and bulletins, especially the "Gazelle Bulletin", and after publishing many articles in the Gazelle Bulletin Web Site, since 2001 under (www.gazelle.8m.net), and after publishing most of my articles on the internet under (www.webs.com), and after publishing my zoological books: Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin in July 2004, Aquatica Arabica in August 2005, Mammalia Arabica in July 2006, Felidae Arabica in July 2007, Carnivora Arabica in September 2008, Fauna Palaestina – Part One in September 2009, Fauna Emiratus – Part One in November 2010, Fauna Palaestina – Part Two which was published by Dar Al Jundi Publishing House in Al Quds (Jerusalem), Palestine in July 2012, and my ninth book Fauna Palaestina – Part Three which was also published by Dar Al Jundi Publishing House in Al Quds (Jerusalem), State of Palestine in July 2013; I finally decided to publish my newest scientific book in the Holy City of Jerusalem, State of Palestine, containing selected "Palestinian" research and articles which were published between 1983 - 2014.         

It is hard to be optimistic about the future of Wildlife in Palestine. But recent years have shown the development of official and public interest, and efforts to conserve the Palestinian Fauna. Palestinian animals lived with humans for thousands of years. There are a lot of stories concerning Prophets with Palestinian animals, which were mentioned in the Holy Quran, Bible and Torah.      

I hope that I can participate with my new book to our knowledge about "Fauna Palaestina", and to help and to be part in protecting the endangered Palestinian and Arabian Fauna.    

Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Khalaf-von Jaffa.         
Al Quds (Jerusalem), the Capital of the State of Palestine and the Capital of Arab Culture.                 

05th July 2014 (My 52nd Birthday).


About the Author : A Palestinian-German Zoologist


Prof. Dr. Sc. Norman Ali Bassam Ali Taher Khalaf-Sakerfalke von Jaffa is a Palestinian-German Zoologist, Ecologist and Geologist. Born in Saarbrücken, Saarland, Germany in 1962. His family originally comes from Al Eizariya (Bethany), east of Al Quds (Jerusalem), Palestine. The family then moved to the financial booming city of Jaffa, Palestine in the beginning of the twentieth century. Finished School in Kuwait. Studied Zoology, Geology and Ecology for the Bachelor, Master and Doctorate degrees at the Universities of Kuwait, Durham (England) and Ashwood (USA). Specialised in Animal Behaviour and Ecology. Done a lot of work and research in the Universities of Kuwait, Durham and Saarbrücken; and in the Zoos, Wild Parks and Field Studies in Palestine, Israel, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Emirates, Qatar, Oman, Egypt, Turkey, Greece, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Holland, Belgium, Luxembourg, England, Scotland, Jersey Island, France, Austria, Switzerland and Germany.           

He is the author and publisher of "Gazelle : The Palestinian Biological Bulletin" (ISSN 0178-6288), the first Palestinian scientific journal worldwide (since 1983); and the author of ten books: Gazelle: The Palestinian Biological Bulletin (2004), Aquatica Arabica (2005), Mammalia Arabica (2006), Felidae Arabica (2007), Carnivora Arabica (2008), Fauna Palaestina – Part One (2009), Fauna Emiratus – Part One (2010), Fauna Palaestina – Part Two (2012), Fauna Palaestina – Part Three (2013), Fauna Palaestina – Part Four (2014), and the co-author of the book "Palestine: A Guide" (2005/2006).     


He discovered and scientifically named nine new animal species and subspecies. Two Palestinian mammal subspecies from the Gaza Strip: The Gaza or Palestine House Mouse (Mus musculus gazaensis Khalaf, 2007) and the Palestine Golden Jackal (Canis aureus palaestina Khalaf, 2008); and the Pink Panther or the Pink-hued Leopard (Panthera pardus roseus Khalaf, 2013) from South Africa; and three freshwater fish subspecies: The Emirati or Wadi Al Wurayah Blind Cave Fish (Garra barreimiae wurayahi Khalaf, 2009), the Emirati or Bassam Khalaf's Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus bassamkhalafi Khalaf, 2009) from the Emirate of Fujairah, United Arab Emirates and the Palestine or Wadi Qana Doctor Fish (Garra rufa wadiqana Khalaf, 2013) from Wadi Qana Nature Reserve, Salfit Governorate, State of Palestine; and three fossils: the Arabian or Emirati Four-Tusked Elephant Fossil († Stegotetrabelodon syrticus emiratus Khalaf, 2010) from the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; the Sharjah or Arabian Coelacanth Fish Fossil († Coelacanthus sharjah Khalaf, 2013) from Sharjah Natural History and Botanical Museum in Sharjah, Emirate of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates and the Palestine or Al-Naqab Coelacanth Fish Fossil († Macropomoides palaestina Khalaf, 2013) from the Anthracothere Hill in Al-Naqab, Palestine.    

He is working now as a free Scientific Researcher, Publisher and Eco-Tourist Guide in the United Arab Emirates. He is married to Ola Khalaf and has one daughter, Nora (15 Years).